Veneration, Teacher, true and constant protector, please think of me!The four thoughts, that turn the mind towards the Dharma
(1) The freedoms and achievements of that human birth are hard to obtain,
(2) Everything born is impermanent and bound to die,
(3) Cause and consequences of the deeds of benefit or misconduct are infallibale,
(4) The three worlds of the cyclic existance are an ocean of suffering,
Whilst I realize that: May my mind turn towards the Dhamra!
Dharma: The Liberating Information
That, what people normally call „Buddhism“, is just the realisation that 1) all beings (humans, animals, also gods) want happiness and want to avoid suffering and 2) that nothing exists independently and inherently. Beings have different kinds of capacities, dispositions and tendencies. And trying to achieve happiness can happen in many many different ways and that strategy can be more or less skillfull. Buddhism, simply put, is the teaching of the mind and the training of the mind.
Buddha: Awakened, Blossomed, Enlightened
This full enlightment refers to possibility of transforming or even ceasing of the (mental) poisons like delusion/numbness, hatred, greed, pride and envy/jealousy. All our neuroses can beidentified, recognized and released or transformed.
Bodhisattva: The Enlightenment Being
…is a being, with purified intentions, which means one is focused on full enlightenment. It is a being who awoke Bodhicitta (compassion, love, highest motivation) within and carries the strong wish to reach enligthenment for the sake of all beings and to bring them to that state as well. Through prayers, studying or mantras he or she wants to practice and strengthen the mind with a certain pure quality.
The Four Noble Truths: The Basis Of The Buddha-Path
Although there are many many different types and branches and schools and methods, the basis of Buddhism is the same for everyone, which is the unerstanding of suffering (and frustration) and the the causes of suffering. While most of religious views on this planet tend to look up to a higher being outside of oneself, and honour and praise and call that being, the buddhist practitioner rather looks inside. Through the studying and training of the mind one tries to reach liberation (for him or herself and for others). The historical Buddha (Prince Siddharta Gautama, ca. 500 B.C.) recognized the causes of this whole mess as well as the path out of it.
- Existance is suffering and frustrating
- Suffering has its roots and causes
- The causes can be recognized and solved; so there is a way out of suffering and frustration
- The way out of suffering is the Eightfold Path
The Eightfold Path is thus the path to liberation. And how this walk is been done – with what kind of skillfull means and methods – varies from tradition to tradition, from school to school.
In diverse Sutras form Buddha Shakyamuni it is already mentioned, that there will be texts in comprimised form, hidden and protected in mountains, trees, lakes or in the ground for future generations to come.
Tibet and the Vajrayana-Buddhism
Lets’s make a big leap in time (to the year 800 after Christ) and from India to Tibet now. A historical as well as mythical figure named Guru Rinpoche or also Guru Padmsambhava, an Indian Tantric Yogi Practitioner comes to Tibet in order to subdue all the local demonic forces. He manages to establish Buddhism in this wild and fierce snow high lands, and with him comes the first wave of translation. He transmits to his students precious practices and teachings for liberation. One of his finest students and consort was a princess called Yeshe Tsogyal; she collected and transcribed all of his teachings and hides them in secret places. She reached highest realisation and became most powerful.
The textes as in the sutras, already mentioned above, are meant to be found in later times when they will be of great value and blessings for all the beings; so it is said. In the Nyingma Tradition („The Old Ones“ – the first wave of translation) these Texts (called tantras) play a most important role togehter with the direct transmission, teachings, explanations and instructions through an authentic teacher.
Authentic Tantric Buddhism
The term „Tantra“ is in the west often mistakenly associated soley with issues of erotic, which does only limited have a connection to the true sense of the word. Tantra really means continuum, web, tissue, linage, pattern or it just simply refers to a text! It is because of the attribte of the tantric buddhism to deliver skillfull means and methods to being able to work with and transform energies, it related to any act using the life force and intention, including the usage of speech! It is about using the life force in wholesome ways.
Ngakpa and Ngakma – Spiritual Householders
…is someone, who uses mantras, a tantric. Synonym for yogis, tantric lay practitioner, sorcerer, exorcist, a vajrayana practitioner. A person who recieved empowerments and now continues the sadhana practice and follows the commitment.
„May all sentient beings have happiness and its causes,The four immeasurables
May all sentient beings be seperated from suffering and their causes,
May all sentient beings be never apart from joy without suffering,
May all sentient beings rest in equanimity, free from attachment and rejection!“